Dynamic microphones are highly durable and able to handle very high sound pressure levels, making them ideal for live applications and noisy environments.
If you picture the mic that a singer uses on stage, it’s for sure a dynamic microphone.
These microphones do great in noisy environments.
They have a small coil inside sensitive to sound vibrations. As the soundwaves move the coil it generate electrical signal.
The Dynamic microphone don’t need to be powered because it generate electric signal by itself.
Is robust because the magnets and coil inside of dynamic mics are a little more durable compared to other microphones.
The most popular Dynamic Microphone is the Shure SM58. It’s tough and versatile microphone that works well whether you’re on location or recording at your desk.
When you see a live performance in most cases SM58 is on the stage.
PRO61 Audio-Technica, is other example of very popular Dynamic Microphone.
This uses capacitor diaphragm plates instead of a coil and magnets.
The plates of the capacitor are powered by a 48V Phantom voltage.
The air sound-waves modify the distance between the two plates of the capacitor and so an electrical signal, that represent the form of the air sound-wave, is generated.
Beyond this physical aspect, sound is much more than just technical performance, the practical thing is that Condenser Micsare more sensitive to smaller vibrations than Dynamic Mics.
It produces a more detailed sound and a much wider frequency response than their Dynamic counterparts.
They pick up a very honest and true sound, which make it to be favoured by Radio Studios around the world.
The shortcomings of large diaphragm condenser microphones are part of what makes them so attractive, especially for vocals and spoken word.
The widening pattern at low frequencies attenuate the proximity effect. In other words, the low frequency response remains beautifully lush, even if the speaker moves.
Large diaphragm condenser microphones shape the sound in a pleasing way; it just feels great to hear the own voice on the. headphones.
A good large diaphragm condenser makes you want to sing, want to speak, because you likes what you are hearing on the headphones, “it sounds like you"
Rode NT1-A, Electro Voice RE320, AKG P220 are some popular choice for Condenser Microphone, they are exceptionally versatile as an industry standard microphones.
Shock mounts is necessary to prevent unwanted sounds in your recording, including movements of the mic, tapping, typing, and other vibrations.
The shock mount is compatible with the specific microphone.
All the good quality microphones included their own Shock Mount in the package
Pop Filter / Microphone Muffler / Windscreens
You should also use either a pop filter or microphone muffler to protect the mic and reduce the amount of sharp air hitting it.
A muffler is a round piece of foam that fits over the mic, whereas the pop filter is more like a screen that is attached in front.
Pop Filters/Windscreens help protect your microphone from picking up any harsh noises.
For example, when you say the letters b, p, and t, there are bursts of air that the microphone picks up. Adding this helps to keep your audio levels under control so that those bursts of air do not show up when you are speaking.